马尔默城市“森林”广场

Hyllie广场位于马尔默城南的新区,是来自丹麦的火车驶离连接瑞典和丹麦的桥梁后停靠的第一个站点。在这个生长于花岗岩地面上的城市森林中,各式各样的公共交往活动相继展开。“森林”里的树木列植于广场之上,林间能被太阳照晒到的空地上则散布着大量休息座椅。
Hyllie plaza is the first train stop in the country of Sweden after having left the bridge connection from Denmark. The plaza is located in a new city district on the southern outskirts of Malmö. The concept of the plaza has been to establish a designed forest on a noble granite floor, furnished with places for social use. The trees of this forest are organized in stripes, and between them are sunny glades, geared with generous seating.
▽ 火车站建筑和Hyllie广场,train station and Hyllie Plaza

▽ “森林”下来往的人流,people walking on the plaza

虽然这28棵已有30年树龄的山毛榉进口自德国北部,但这瑞典南部的本土树种也为广场带来了浓重的地域色彩。景观设计师采用了最前沿的土壤技术,保证这些移植的树木得以成活。2×1米的巨大花岗岩石板经过精挑细选,质量上乘。在广场的最北端,是四个供嬉戏玩水的大型跌水池。
The trees are beech trees/ Fagus, which is a hallmark tree for this southern region in Sweden. The trees were imported from northern Germany, being 30 years old already at planting. 28 of these trees form the forest. An innovative technology has been used to construct the soil and to ensure that the trees will thrive. The floor of very large granite pavers, 2 x 1 meters, have been selected from a large number of granites for its outstanding mineral qualities. At the northern side of the plaza, four large water tubs organize a place for play and recreation.
▽ 花岗岩铺地,granite pavers

▽ 广场南端的水池,large water tubs at the northern side of the plaza

2根16米高的桅杆两两成对排列于广场东西两侧,界定了广场的边界,也拉起了如同蜘蛛网般错综复杂,长达1800米的钢丝网。钢丝网上悬挂着的2800枚LED二极管,根据季节变化亮起不同的色彩,为夜晚的广场打造不一样的“天空”。
Twelve masts, each sixteen-meters tall, are grouped as pairs along the sides of the plaza and provide its frame. Between the masts stretch 1800 meters of thin steel cables, arranged in a certain disorder that resembles a spider’s web. The cables support a field of 2800 LED diodes programmed to four seasonal scenarios that create a digital sky after dark.
▽ 桅杆和夜晚的“天空”, masts form a digital sky after dark

▽ 夜晚婆娑的树影,tree shadow at night

20年前,北欧城市的大部分公共空间都作为停车场而存在,如今,这些公共空间的使用优先权已经完全交还给城市生活和行人。这种变化大大地提高了城市的生活品质。城市中心区更多的作为公共交往空间而不是纯粹的金融商区。在Hyllie新区的建设过程中,广场首先落成,然后才是住宅,商业区和其它的设施。这种变革性的建造顺序也反映了城市空间优先权的更迭。
Only 20 years ago, public space in Scandinavia was used mainly as parking place for cars. Today we see a renaissance for the public realm and priority is given to social life and pedestrians. This has established recreational qualities to cities which has improved urban life. The city centers have restored themselves as relevant social environs instead of being mere financial districts. In the establishment of Hyllie city district, the plazas was built first, and housing, commercial areas and other amenities came after. This would not have happened a couple of decades ago.
▽ 归还于行人的城市空间,public realm and priority is given to pedestrians

Project name: Hyllie Plaza
Project Location: Malmo, Sweden
Design Company: Sweco Architects
Landscape architect: Thorbjörn Andersson
Design Team: PeGe Hillinge, Johan Krikström, Marianne Randers, Andreas Johansson, Niklas Ödmann (illumination).
Area: 14 000 sq m
Opening: 2012

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