The Ovoo Hill used to be the faith and spirits of the shepherds one hundred years ago. However while the environment was destroyed by humans, it turns into a desert over the years. To emphasize the spirit of remembrance, reconstructed the Ovoo Hill becomes a milestone of the faith for the shepherds. It is not only for memorial but also for a new attempt of eco-environment. The new life of Ovoo Hill will provide a new landscaping idea, which integrates multi-function, modern and countryside. To realize these ideas, the Ovoo Hill Park was composed by different parts, including science park, outdoor memorial hall, and mediation space. The main principle of this landscape design is to minimize the changes of the hill and maximize the acceptance by local people and government. It has already become one of the best examples of Chinese sand prevention and desert restoration projects.
项目位置\背景 Project Site\Context:
More and more farmlands become desert, more and more shepherd lost their homes, those are the real life in North West China.
The Ovoo Hill is the sacred hill for local people, where the shepherds’ faith and spirits were rest on. The hill is 65 feet high and 26,909 square feet, which was located in a vast manor, called shinyleaf yellowhorn, in Aohanqi Banner, inner Mongolia. Who can ever imagine this area was once a desert in 30’s – 70’s last century. At that period, environmental destruction turns this place into a desert. Shepherds were force to move away from their hometown. A place that was once a desert now awarded the title of “Global 500″ by UNEP after a series of reconstruct. The Ovoo Hill Park was constructed for memorial, while at the same time indicating ecological restoration and shepherds’ new life. This is a multi-functional new countryside landscape including science park, outdoor memorial hall, and mediation space. Rather than a park, the principle of this project is to provide a series of spaces, which link human, and nature through eco methods.
▽ 朝向四个方向的瞭望台，four viewing desks towards different orientations
Our clients are the new generation of shepherds in China. Restore the declining farms, three dilapidated villages and the Ovoo Hill are the hope of their lives. They spent 5 years to resotre the 3789-acre eco Wenguan château. At the same time, they hope the team can help them to restore the villages and the new Ovoo Hill Park to remember the restoration of desert by eco-methods. With the great passion, this tough project completed successfully. In addition, it becomes a milestone of the local shepherds with the new lives of ecofriendly and sustainable impacts.
▽ 取势于山的设计，site-specific design
The strategy of The Ovoo Hill Park restoring is approved by the clients and local governments. This enhance the local shepherds’s life both quality and quantity directly. Domestic ecofriendly or recycle materials, reeds across the land and framed sceneries are the important elements to present the principle of the project in order to create a new rural attraction in north east China. The local shepherds, visitors and government are all satisfied with this design, which try to minimize the changes of the hill and represent the new lives of the local shepherds. In addition, now it has become one of the best practical examples of sand control and land restoration in China.
▽ 遍地芒草及框景，reeds across the land and framed sceneries
设计 Design principles:
The Ovoo Hill is mainly rocks whick is up to 90 percent. Only little earth covers it. It called “rocky mountain” for a long time. However, after a series of changes, now it becomes an outlook, outdoor museum, and shepherds’ leisure resort. To respect the terrain and range of the hill, to provide visitors an opportunity to understand nature and feel the changes of four seasons, as well as to provide the local shepherds a place to relax and rest, the team designed “windows of framed landscape”, which means to use three architectural cubes to present rest, observation and memorial.
The mainly principles of “windows of framed landscape” are:
Minimize the footprint: protect the original terrain and refrain from intervening in the environment;
Do not set any plane: accordance with the gradient of the hill, provide varies of plane to present different framed views. use different planes to integrate the views and the path.
Integrate the terrain of the hill: integrate the hill elements to the architectural envelope to combine indoor and outdoor feelings.
Apart of the “windows of framed landscape”, there still a series of small cubic spaces, which use to introduce history and culture.When people walk around those small cubic spaces, the attraction firstly will be the three big cubes. The small series cubic spaces are the bridge to link the big cubes with people. This conflict provides a variety of vision effects and space feelings.Conflict between big and small, transfer between indoor and outdoor, and integrate between hill and building, are the purposes to let people to be attracted to the nature and be closer to the nature.
Reuse all the excavated stones on-site.
Adopt the local drought enduring Chinese silver-grass and wildflowers.
Use permeable pavement such as the permeable pebbles and the reuse rocks.
Reuse the excavated hill stones as a part of the retaining landscaping wall.
Remain and respect all the existing trees and plants.
▽ 石材的再利用，excavated stones reuse
▽ 本土芒草及野花, local plants
▽ 总平面图，site plan
Design & Team: Design Company: China Construction Engineering Design Group Corporation Linited
Project Site: Aohanqi Neimeng China
Owner’s Representative: Qing GUO
Lead Designer: Yuhui SONG 、 Wenna FENG
Team Member: Jie CHEN 、 Chenghui ZHU 、 Nan CHEN 、Yongqing ZHANG、 Zongrui CHEN、 Lu LI、 Lei LI