激发领地潜力,莫斯科河畔公园改造 / Wowhaus

Wowhaus:几年前位于卡波特尼亚的河畔公园还不能称之为“公园”,更像是一片被忽视的自然区。当地缺乏适合全家散步、运动和娱乐的地方。我们提议把公园打造为一个城市吸引点,类似于城市休闲区和郊区森林。与市民公园不同,新的公园功能沿河向周边延伸,公园各处自然地衔接过渡。

Wowhaus: For many years, the park on the banks of the Moskva River was in a state of neglect. District residents did not have a place for walks, sports activities, and rest with their families. We proposed to make the park a point of attraction, something similar to both an urban recreational area and suburban forest. Here, unlike in parks of the city center, its functions stretch along the entire perimeter, and one part of the park smoothly flows into another.

▼湿地区域引入人行步道 Pedestrian walkway is introduced into the swampy territory

© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov

任务 Task

在远离市中心的地方创造一个舒适的空间,让居民有机会在附近的大自然中欢度时光。

To create a comfortable space in the district distant from the city center, thus giving its inhabitants the possibility to spend time in nature at a short distance from their homes.

© Daniil Annenkov
© Artour Shustrov

解决方案 Solution

使公园成为吸引居民的场所,通过步行和以运动为导向的小路连接整个区域,并在保留独特自然景观的同时,增加娱乐类基础设施。

To make the park a point of attraction for district inhabitants connecting its entire territory by walking and sports-oriented trails and filling it with recreational infrastructure while preserving the unique natural landscape.

© Daniil Annenkov
© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov

尽管该公园是一片受特别保护的自然区,但整个公园年久失修,缺乏活力。人们偶尔会到这片老旧的自然区里遛狗、烧烤,但场地本身的潜力还未发挥出来。在Moy Rayon综合土地改善计划的框架内,我们为公园赋予了新的概念,居民们可以选择在这里度过闲暇时间。与附近的莫斯科850周年纪念公园相呼应,卡波特尼亚公园的小径成为了该公园的延续。我们的想法是将相邻的自然区域和公园整合起来,形成统一的绿色步行空间。这样一来,莫斯科河极有可能成为城市的生态轴。

The park was in a state of neglect despite its status as a specially protected natural area. Here, people used to walk their dogs and have barbecues, and the potential of the territory was not realized. Within the framework of the complex land improvement of Moy Rayon program (My district), we created a concept for the park where district inhabitants can spend their free time in nature. We already worked with the concept of the Park of the 850th Anniversary of Moscow located nearby. Trails of the park in Kapotnya became its continuation. Our idea was to unite the adjacent natural zones and parks creating a unified landscaped walking space. In this case, the Moskva River could become a city’s ecological axis.

▼改造前 Before

▼改造后 After

© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov
© Artour Shustrov

易受洪水侵袭的沼泽地带是公园的问题所在,此前这片土地行人无法接近。于是通过清理沼泽,种植喜水植物并修建人行桥来改善这一问题。由此,一条配备了观景台的生态步道贯穿公园。

Flood-prone swampy territory was a park’s problematic zone. It was excluded from the pedestrian scenario. We cleared up the swamp, introduced water-loving plants, and constructed footbridges. That’s how an ecological route equipped with observation decks appeared in the park.

© Daniil Annenkov
© Artour Shustrov
© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov

▼岸边的日光躺椅可以放松身心 The sun beds on the banks provide opportunity to relax

© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov

园内植物群落独特,因此我们把重点放在保护自然景观上。通过加固河岸,恢复景观结构,并在公园周围开辟生态路线来保护自然景观。

The park has a unique flora. Therefore, we focused on preserving the natural landscape. We reinforced the banks, repaired the landscape structure, and created an ecological route around the park.

© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov

创造一个可以在大自然中度过时光的地方非常重要,与孩子一起散步、放松、野餐、运动,河畔公园成为了当地的新名片。这并非一个常规项目,每个地区的居民都希望附近能有与众不同的地方,所以我们为公园确定出一个可能融入地区居民身份感的吸引点。人们需要有一个交流的地方,因为这塑造了社区感。

We considered it important to create a place for spending time in nature – walking with children, resting, having picnics, and doing sports. The park is one of the most beautiful areas of the district. This was not a standard project. Inhabitants of each district want them to differ from others. We decided to make a point of attraction that might integrate into the identity of the district’s inhabitants. People need to have a place for exchange as it forms the local community.

© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov

沿堤岸的林荫大道成为公园的公共核心,靠近河岸的地方已然是一个城市阳台。

We designed a boulevard along the embankment that became the park’s public core. The area along the riverbank became an observation deck.

▼靠近河岸的地方成为了城市阳台 The area along the riverbank became an observation deck

© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov

由于公园改造的预算有限,为了保持项目的美学理念,我们尽量使用最实惠的材料。公园内的家具采用混凝土制成,拥有较长的使用寿命,而且运动器材的质量也很好。

The budget for the park improvement was limited. Therefore, we tried to use the most affordable materials while sticking to the esthetic concept of the project. Park’s furniture is made of concrete to last for a long time. And the sports equipment is of very good quality.

▼市民在公园里开展各类体育运动 All kinds of sports in the park

© Daniil Annenkov
© Artour Shustrov
© Daniil Annenkov

我们提议在公园里放置有吸引力的艺术品,专为公园设计的艺术小品“灯塔”成为了一个亮点。

We proposed to put attractive art objects on the park’s territory. The Lighthouse designed especially for the park became such an emphasis.

▼“灯塔”艺术品 The Lighthouse

© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov

现在,这里有儿童游乐场和体育活动设施,还有带躺椅的观景台以供人们休息。

Now, people have playgrounds for kids and sports activities as well as observation decks with chaises longues for resting.

© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov

在概念推演的过程中,我们与当地居民进行了密切沟通,考虑了他们所有的需求。传统意义上,公园是野餐、滑雪、遛狗和垂钓的地方,我们创造了在舒适环境中度过时光的可能性。现在,这里有特别的火塘和野餐桌。

While working on the concept, we were in close communication with district inhabitants and took into account all their requests. Traditionally, the park was a place for picnics, skiing, dog walking, and sport fishing. We created possibilities for spending time in a comfortable environment. Now, there are special fireplaces and picnic tables there.

© Daniil Annenkov
© Artour Shustrov
© Artour Shustrov

广场上还有一个棚架,为人们提供遮阳之处,未来还可能会设置信息亭,以引入商业功能。

We also included awnings at squares under which people may hide from the sun or which later may fulfill commercial functions if kiosks will be put.

▼棚架为人们提供遮阳之处 Awnings at squares under which people may hide from the sun

© Daniil Annenkov
© Daniil Annenkov
© Artour Shustrov

地址:莫斯科 卡波特尼亚
面积:34.2 公顷
客户:城市与系统设计研究院
负责人:Dmitry Likin, Oleg Shapiro
项目组组长:Tatyana Starchenko
首席建筑师:Vladimir Belyakov
建筑师:Yanina Smagina, Zhanna Galut, Sofia Zhukova, Aleksandra Plotnikova
项目经理:Diana Dolgopolova
总设计师:The Institute of Urban and Systems Designing
开发时间:2019
完成时间:2020
照片来源:Daniil Annenkov, Artour Shustrov

Address: Moscow, Kapotnya district, passage 5468
Plot area: 34,2 ha
Client: The Institute of Urban and Systems Designing
Leaders: Dmitry Likin, Oleg Shapiro
Leader of the project group: Tatyana Starchenko
Lead architect: Vladimir Belyakov
Architects: Yanina Smagina, Zhanna Galut, Sofia Zhukova, Aleksandra Plotnikova
Project manager: Diana Dolgopolova
General designer: The Institute of Urban and Systems Designing
Project development: 2019
Implementation: 2020
Photo: Daniil Annenkov, Artour Shustrov


审稿编辑  Hongyu

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