北京宋庄镇小堡村微景观设计 / Crossboundaries

▼视频,video(Vimeo: https://vimeo.com/587781581宋庄,是中国乃至世界范围最大的艺术家聚集地,有来自20多个国家和地区的近万名艺术家在这里生活、创作。宋庄也是全世界拥有最多美术馆的地方,这个位于北京城市副中心的艺术创意小镇,在面积不到四平方公里的区域内,有数千个艺术家工作室,三十五家大中型美术馆。全球超过80%的国家级艺术馆、博物馆都收藏和展览着来自宋庄艺术家的作品,纽约的现代艺术博物馆(MoMA)就收藏有六位宋庄艺术家的作品。

▼项目鸟瞰,aerial view of the project ©白羽

Beijing’s rapid economic transition, unique political atmosphere and immense urban growth have shaped a trajectory of prominence of art villages in its metropolitan region from the 1900s. Its origins can be traced back to Yuanmingyuan, the grounds of the Old Summer Palace in the north-east of Beijing, where artist settled from all over China celebrating a creative community and period of intense artistic exploration. After this movement ended in 1994 many collective groups were constantly replicated around this urban fringe outside of the third ring, namely Factory 798, Caochandi and Songzhuang Art District.

The latter one has seen the largest development in recent years, with more than 5,000 artists living in its grounds and 35 large and medium-sized fine arts galleries, it is certainly one of the largest gathering of contemporary artists in China if not in the world. Centered in the village around Xiaopu, in Songzhuang Town of Tongzhou District, the major factors influencing this location were escaping from the fast-paced city and pressures of modern society while living side-by-side with the local population; this odd combination of art visitors and an aging population created an interesting scenario, where each group has their own needs for public spaces.

▼街景,street view ©白羽


▼区位分析,location analysis ©Crossboundaries

宋庄镇政府对小堡南街公共空间的改造,不是孤立项目,项目背景是城市副中心建设,以副中心规划和小堡艺术区规划为蓝本,选取了这个重要节点,探索和尝试“城市更新”的手段落实规划,通过政府投资改善公共环境, 引导环境升级、功能升级,实现街区品质提升。本项目是宋庄艺术商业示范街的入口,也是艺术创意小镇南区中轴线上的重要节点,与小堡文化广场、印象街项目构成整体景观系统。


▼改造前的空间,space before renovation ©左:白羽,右:杨超英

Understanding the challenge of offering versatile and inclusive communal facilities, a masterplan competition with international participation to reaffirm the importance of the new model of “Art City” was organized in 2018. In this framework, Crossboundaries was commissioned to regenerate a linear streetscape adjacent to a parking lot close to the Xiaopu Cultural Plaza into a lively outdoor community park. This project is the first realized vibrant design of many to come that will follow the lead of the new communal spirit.

▼轴测图,axonometric ©Crossboundaries


The park is created to suit the site environment with a proper choice of material and plantation, combined with carefully designed spatial configuration, sequence, and atmosphere. The main component of the structure is a perforated grey brick wall with integrated seating in designated areas, alternating with a double lower layer of perforated Corten steel. Behind it lies a green zone filled with Southern Chinese pine trees and low bushes, forming a natural buffer to the parking area that can be accessed through various hidden pathways.

▼灰砖墙体贯穿整个设计,指定区域设有座位,gray brick walls define the space with seatings in certain areas ©杨超英


On the street side, long planters framed with Corten steel edges contain Persian Silk trees, they form a natural separation from the busier road to the public area, which acknowledges the new addition to the site combined with the existing and preserved more mature trees (Chinese Locust trees) embedded within the re-used pavement stones.

▼耐候钢花盆隔离道路和公共区域,weathered steel planters separate the road and the public space ©杨超英

▼金属网分隔公园和公共空间,metal mesh separating the park and the public space ©杨超英

▼灰砖墙和金属网近景,closer view to the gray brick wall and the metal mesh ©杨超英


The L-shaped plot features a series of outdoor ‘rooms’ that provide unrestricted usage and trigger a variety of activities along a linear loop track, a connecting element meandering between the street side pavement and the park at a pocket of the site. The yellow track connects the rooms physically with each other, as well as forms a visual link between the different public areas. The path is leading all the way into and through the small park area, which depicts a more natural landscape with London plane and Ginkgo trees in contrast to the organized promenade in the front. Linked by the yellow track, these rooms offer different levels of enclosure and boundary along a sequence: from completely open, forming a plaza like a prelude, to a slightly more defined area with a semitransparent grey backing wall, to a fully enclosed one but open to the sky, and finally a less strictly defined one within the new park zone, where only the ground surface marking its expanse.

▼四个客厅分析图,analysis of the four rooms ©Crossboundaries


Transforming the initial street corner into a small plaza, the first room opens up a semicircular space defined by angular brick walls and large mirror surfaces. In the morning, it’s a place for tai chi and fan dance, while in the evening, it attracts groups of rhythmic dancers. The occasional dog owners with their beloved pets are seen along the bright yellow asphalt loop that connects the rooms.

▼镜面构件半围合的街角广场,plaza at the street corner semi-enclosed by mirrored components ©杨超英

▼广场上的不同活动,different activities on the plaza ©白羽


The second room is a place for tranquil interactions: long benches along the stepping profiles of interspersed brick walls invite Chinese chess players and their audience; groups of elderly ladies chat in the shadow of the trees; grandparents looking kindly after babies. On the weekends, younger people take selfies in front of the grey brick and Corten steel backdrop with drinks from the café across the road.

▼沿墙设置的休息和交流空间,rest and communication space along the walls ©白羽


On the corner to the extending park, the third room is all about children’s play: a bright yellow room inside a room; layered brick walls with differently sized openings for peek-a-boo and hide-and-seek; connecting speaking tubes through which shouting and singing can be heard. In front of it, grandparents, parents, and other caretakers can watch the children play from a distance.

▼转角处的儿童玩耍空间鸟瞰,aerial view of the space for children to play at the corner ©白羽

▼儿童玩耍空间外观,external view of the space for children to play ©白羽

▼灰色的砖墙内是明亮的黄色房间,room in bright yellow behind the gray brick walls ©白羽

▼墙面上设有开口和游戏装置,openings and recreation installations on the wall ©白羽

▼透过开口看房间,view into the room through the opening ©杨超英

▼房间内部,inside the room ©白羽

▼儿童在空间中玩耍,children playing in the space ©白羽


Inside the rectangle of the park, the yellow loop track itself spans up the fourth room, increasing in size to an open-air gym, an exercise space in the middle of green meadows. Between the sports equipment and the circular seating, all community members find their own place.

▼公园鸟瞰,aerial view of the park ©白羽

▼黄色环线连接露天健身房,yellow path connected to the outdoor gym ©白羽

▼细部,details ©白羽


▼丰富的活动,various activities ©白羽



The streetscape meets with responding to different people’s needs: the inclusive nature of the design, its variety of inviting, bright spaces with colorful accents was adopted and occupied instantly and stands for a true example for integration and encouragement of interaction for all age groups. Furthermore, Songzhuang Micro Community Park helps growing the largest gathering place for artists in China in a symbiotic relationship together with the community.

▼人车分离的公共空间,vehicle-free public space ©白羽


The community park has proven a great success on bringing the district government agenda and investment plans together with a way of living that strengthen its own authentic heritage as a place for collective art and influence. It is an important milestone in the Songzhuang Xiaopu Art Zone Urban Design development, being the first executed project of the masterplan and a valuable example of quality public space for well-being and social encounter.

▼夜景,night view ©白羽

▼总平面图,master plan ©Crossboundaries

▼剖面图,section ©Crossboundaries

合伙人建筑师:蓝冰可(Binke Lenhardt), 董灏
项目团队:高旸、Silvia Campi、陈鹏宇、Marijana Simic、于兆雄、于泓浴、Elena Gamez Miguelez
建筑面积:5,900 m2

Design: Crossboundaries
Website: http://crossboundaries.com/
Contact e-mail: media@Crossboundaries.com
Design Period: May to October 2020
Construction Period: October 2020 to June 2021
Completion Date: June 2021″
Partners in charge: Binke Lenhardt, DONG Hao
Design team: GAO Yang, Silvia Campi, CHEN Pengyu, Marijana Simic, Sean Yu, YU Hongyu, Elena Gamez Miguelez”
Project Location: Xiaopu Village, Songzhuang, Tongzhou, Beijing, China
Gross Built Area: 5,900 m2
Photo Credits: BAI Yu, YANG Chaoying
Construction Company: Beijing Songzhuang Xinjing Landscape Engineering Co., Ltd
Clients: Beijing Songzhuang Investment Development Co., Ltd

景观设计网 » 北京宋庄镇小堡村微景观设计 / Crossboundaries