荷兰鹿特丹——三维城市景观

鹿特丹市中心建立起400米长的人行天桥用以连续三个核心区域---Pompenburg公园、Hofplein火车站屋顶花园、以及重要的城市商业公共空间与建筑,最终实现一个三维城市景观。
The Luchtsingel, world’s first crowd funded public infrastructure, completed!
The Luchtsingel is open. Decades after their separation, the 400-meter-long pedestrian bridge has reconnected three districts in the heart of Rotterdam. The Luchtsingel was initiated and designed by the Rotterdam-based architects ZUS and is the world's first piece of public infrastructure to be accomplished mostly through crowdfunding. Together with the new public spaces, including the Delftsehof, Dakakker, Pompenburg Park, and the Hofplein Station Roof Park, a 'three-dimensional cityscape' has arisen.
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整个设计促进了城市的进化。在2011年,鹿特丹市中心出现了许多空置的办公室,社会保险机构将其中一栋叫Schieblock的大楼做为城市实验室,把它改造成为一个叫Dakakker的企业孵化器,并在一层设置了商店,酒吧,餐厅,信息中心,还在屋顶设置了首个欧洲城市农业屋顶天台,让其成为一个可持续发展的原型。
接下来设计师将Delftsehof与鹿特丹最具活力的夜生活区紧密相连。打造出对儿童十分友好的Pompenburg公园,再把Hofplein车站的屋顶改造成绿色花园,让鹿特丹市中心变得更加绿色和宜居。
然后,采用一条400米长的天桥将这些独特的重要区域联系起来。
Dakakker
'Based on the idea of Permanent Temporality, the Luchtsingel introduces a new way of making city. This means using the city's evolutionary character and existing forms as a starting point. Therefore, we have developed new instruments for design, financing, and planning', says Elma van Boxel, partner at ZUS.
When, in 2011, it was announced that a planned office development in Rotterdam Central District had been cancelled, leaving many existing office spaces vacant as a result, ZUS decided to take matters into their own hands. They used a former office building, the Schieblock, to develop a city laboratory, which currently acts as an important incubator for young entrepreneurs. With its ground-floor store, bar, culinary workshop, information centre, and its rooftop field called the Dakakker, Europe’s first urban farming roof, it has become a prototype for sustainable development.
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Next followed the Delftsehof, which became one of Rotterdam's most vibrant nightlife areas, and then the child-friendly Pompenburg Park, where a vegetable garden has been landscaped next to a playground. The roof of the former Hofplein Station is currently being developed as a green space and events terrain. Additionally, the Hofpoort, a huge, empty office tower in the area, will be programmed by ZUS for the coming two years. These varied and new public spaces return this former heart of Rotterdam back to being green and liveable, with the Luchtsingel running throughout as a unifying factor. By simply increasing accessibility for pedestrians, the 400-meter-long bridge will ensure synergy between the various sites. It is now the norm to walk from the Station Quarter to the North, and to the Laurenskwartier via Pompenburg. These distinctive connections give the area a unique position in Rotterdam's urban fabric.
'The Luchtsingel, together with the transformed buildings and new public spaces, forms a new three-dimensional cityscape', says Kristian Koreman, partner at ZUS.
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The Process
ZUS devised the Luchtsingel plan in 2011. In 2012, as co-curators of the International Architecture Biënnale Rotterdam (IABR), the station area was renamed ‘Test Site Rotterdam’. It consisted of eighteen interventions, all connected by one continuous route: the Luchtsingel. For financing, the 'I Make Rotterdam' crowd-funding campaign was started; for €25 anyone could buy a board inscribed with their name, and over 8000 boards were sold. In 2012, the 'Luchtsingel' won the Rotterdam City Initiative, which enabled further financing of the project.
Award winning design
In 2012, the Luchtsingel plan won the Rotterdam City Initiative. It was then awarded the 2012 Green Building Award, the Berlin Urban Intervention Award in 2013, the 2014 Rotterdam Architecture Award, and was nominated for the Golden Pyramid and the Dutch Construction Award in 2015.
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